Before you begin, please understand that it is not possible to cover all possible types of sources in a single resource. If you have additional questions, please contact the Writing Center using the "Register for an Appointment" button on the left or by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
Why do we cite?
Citations serve several purposes in academic or scholarly writing:
Why do we have to cite a certain way?
Different academic fields place varying degrees of emphasis on different things. Because of this, different citation styles have evolved over time to meet the specific needs of the discipline. Mastering the appropriate citation style is an important part of joining a scholarly community. Currently, the Seminary recognizes five citation styles: MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian, and SBL.
All citation styles have certain things in common. They exist to help your readers identify and find your sources. Regardless of style, you will need the following:
If the source you are using is a journal article, you will also need the following:
The following pages will cover the basic format of citations in each style.