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ATS Citation Quick Guide

Turabian and SBL are both modified forms of Chicago style. There are nuances of difference, but for most practical purposes, the basic citations are the same across the three styles. When using one of these styles, there are two options: 

  1. Notes and Bibliography
  2. Author-Date.

These are NOT generally used in the same paper, and which is preferred can vary from instructor to instructor, so if you are unsure, check with your instructor. 

Notes and Bibliography

The Notes and Bibliography form uses footnotes. The first time you cite a work, you give a full note, including a page number. Subsequent citations from the same work use a shortened form. A Bibliography with all works is included at the end of the document. 

Full Footnotes: 

For a book, it looks like this: 

  1. Mary Clark Moschella, Ethnography as a Pastoral Practice: An Introduction. (Cleveland, Pilgrim Press, 2008), 35. 

For a journal, it looks like this: 

  1. Christine Pohl, "Practicing Hospitality in the Face of Complicated Wickedness," Wesleyan Theological Journal 42, no. 1 (Spring 2007): 15.

Short Footnotes include the author's last name, a shortened title, and page numbers, like this: 

  1. Moschella, Ethnography, 35.                       OR         Pohl, "Practicing Hospitality," 15.

The Bibliographic entries would look like this: 

Moschella, Mary Clark. Ethnography as a Pastoral Practice: An Introduction. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press, 2008.

Pohl, Christine. “Practicing Hospitality in the Face of ‘Complicated Wickedness,’” Wesleyan Theological Journal 42, no. 1 (Spring 2007): 7-31.

Author-Date Style

The Author-Date style uses a parenthetical citation, similar to MLA and APA. Regardless of the type of source, it follows this general pattern: (Authorlastname Date, Pg.#). Here is an example: 

(Moschella 2008, 35)

The Bibliographic entries would look like this: 

Moschella, Mary Clark. 2008. Ethnography as a Pastoral Practice: An Introduction. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press.

Pohl, Christine. 2007. “Practicing Hospitality in the Face of ‘Complicated Wickedness,’” Wesleyan Theological Journal 42, no. 1 (Spring): 7-31.

Additional Resources

Purdue OWL - Chicago

Chicago MOS Quick Guide

Chicago Manual of Style

Society of Biblical Literature (SBL)

SBL Student Supplement

Turabian Quick Guide

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